🦠The Black Death was a combination of the bubonic, septicemic, and pneumonic plagues, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.
🔥The perfect storm of the Black Death included factors such as urbanization, population growth, trade networks, and political instability.
🐀Rats, particularly black rats, played a crucial role as carriers of the fleas that spread the disease.
🌍The Black Death was not limited to Europe; it also affected Africa, the Middle East, India, and East Asia.
🔍The estimated death toll of the Black Death globally is around 200 million people, a significant number considering the world population at the time was approximately 500 million.